Yukon Umbrella Final Agreement

The Final Framework Agreement is the framework within which 11 of Yukon`s 14 First Nations have entered into a final claims settlement agreement. All provisions of the Final Framework Agreement are part of each First Nations Final Agreement. The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by Chief Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s and resulted in an agreement that was ultimately rejected. Each land claims agreement is also accompanied by a self-government agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and describe a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for delivering programs or services to its citizens. [8] Unlike most other Canadian land claims treaties that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations have emphasized that the agreements affect all persons they considered to be part of their nation, whether or not they are recognized as registered Indians under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians created the Council for Yukon Indians (CYI) to negotiate a land claims agreement. The two organizations and the council officially merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Council of Yukon First Nations. The Final Framework Agreement (FMU) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. This is the Yukon Land Claims Program`s “framework” general agreement and provides the general agreement reached by the three parties in a number of areas. Although the agreement is not a legal document, it represents a “political” agreement between the three parties.

The Final Framework Agreement contains several main topics, all of which are emerging. These include lands (Cap. 9), compensation funds (Cap. 19), self-government (Cap. 24) and the establishment of bodies, committees and tribunals to jointly manage a number of specific areas (specific chapters). While the Final Framework Agreement provides a framework within which each of the 14 Yukon First Nations will enter into a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nations Final Agreement (FNFA). The final agreements contain the entire text of the final framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions that apply to each First Nation. Other provisions of the Land Claims Agreement include the elimination of tax exemptions for Yukon First Nations (effective January 1, 2001), a restriction on the hunting rights of other Aboriginal peoples on the traditional territory of each First Nation, etc. Before Yukon First Nations regained self-government, the federal government regulated how they could use their lands. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed Yukon lands and resources as all under their ownership. [3] This was based on the traditional occupation and use of these lands. But all Yukon affairs were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).

[3] INAC was responsible for establishing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nations bands implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them. [3] Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in the Final Framework Agreement (MFA) in 1990. The UFA serves as a framework or model for individual agreements with each of the fourteen federally recognized Yukon First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their land rights agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the fourteen First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement. Currently, White River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian bands under the federal Indian Act. [2] The Ta`an Kwäch`än Council signed its Final and Self-Governing Agreements on January 13, 2002 and became a Self-Governing First Nation on April 1, 2002.

Yukon land claims refer to the process of negotiating and settling Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. Based on historical occupation and use, First Nations claim fundamental rights to all countries. The proposed Regulations would benefit the Yukon Corporation`s elderly population, who lived in retirement homes and were cared for by white administrators. He suggested that they return to their villages and receive financial support from their own people from the settlement fund. [6] It would also allow older adults to pass on their wisdom to future generations and keep the strengths of Indigenous culture alive. He noted that Yukon Aborigines must have the ability to create and disseminate their own opinions through radio, television and newspapers. [6] There is an area in central Yukon that borders the Yukon and the Northwest Territories and is owned by the Tetlit Gwich`in of the Northwest Territories, as described in the Comprehensive Land Claims Agreement of the Gwich`in, an Aboriginal group in the Northwest Territories that owns land and rights in the Yukon. In addition to the eleven Yukon First Nations that have entered into modern treaties, the Inuvialuit and Gwich`in Tribal Council also has land claims in the Northwest Territories with rights that apply to the Yukon. .